Fatty Liver

Your liver is the largest organ inside your body. It helps your body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. Fatty liver disease is a condition in which fat builds up in your liver. 

There are two main types

1.Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

2.Alcoholic fatty liver disease, also called alcoholic steatohepatitis

What is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)?

NAFLD is a type of fatty liver disease that is not related to heavy alcohol use. There are two kinds:

Simple fatty liver, in which you have fat in your liver but little or no inflammation or liver cell damage.

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), in which you have inflammation and liver cell damage, as well as fat in your liver. Inflammation and liver cell damage can cause fibrosis, or scarring, of the liver. NASH may lead to cirrhosis or liver cancer.

What is alcoholic fatty liver disease?

Alcoholic fatty liver disease is due to heavy alcohol use. Your liver breaks down most of the alcohol you drink, so it can be removed from your body. But the process of breaking it down can generate harmful substances. These substances can damage liver cells, promote inflammation, and weaken your body’s natural defence.

Causes of fatty liver disease. Eating excess calories causes fat to build up in the liver. When the liver does not process and break down fats as it normally should, too much fat will accumulate. People tend to develop fatty liver if they have certain other conditions, such as obesity, diabetes or high triglycerides. 

  • Being obese or overweight.

  • Having Type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance.

  • Having metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high triglyceride levels).

  • Coffee to help lower abnormal liver enzymes.
  • Your daily cup of coffee could help protect your liver against fatty liver.
  • Caffeine also appears to lower the number of abnormal liver enzymes.
  •  Greens to prevent fat buildup
  • Compounds found in spinach and other leafy greens may help fight fatty liver disease.
  • Beans and soy 
  •  Legumes such as lentils, chickpeas, soybeans, and peas are not only nutritionally dense foods, but also contain resistant starches that help improve gut health. Consumption of legumes may even help lower blood glucose and triglycerides in individuals living with obesity.
  • Oatmeal for fiber
  •  a nutritious diet rich in high fiber foods like oats is effective for those with NAFLD and may help reduce triglyceride levels.
  •  Nuts to help reduce inflammation
  • A diet rich in nuts is associated with reduced inflammation, insulin resistance, and oxidative stress, and a lower prevalence of liver disease. people with fatty liver disease who eat walnuts have improved liver function tests.
  • Turmeric to reduce markers of liver damage
  • High doses of curcumin — the active ingredient in turmeric — might reduce markers of liver damage in people.
  •  Sunflower seeds for antioxidants
  • Sunflower seeds are particularly high in vitamin E, an antioxidant often used in the treatment of fatty liver.
  • Alcohol.
  • Added sugar. Stay away from sugary foods such as candy, cookies, sodas, and fruit juices. 
  • Fried foods.
  • Added salt.
  • White bread, rice, and pasta.
  • Rohitakarishta, and arogyavardhini vati are very effective in management of fatty liver
  • Aloe Vera juice can improve the functional efficiency of the liver
  • Amla aids digestion and detoxification of the body.
  • The water of boiled rice improves liver function.
  • Regular intake of papaya helps in curing liver ailments.

.lose weight – safely. This usually means losing no more than half to one kilogram (one to two pounds) a week

2.lower your triglycerides through diet.

3.avoid alcohol

4.control your diabetes, if you have it

5.eat a balanced, healthy diet

6.increase your physical activity