Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is thigh. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough—or any—insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.
Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems. Although diabetes has no cure, you can take steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy.
Sometimes people call diabetes “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes.” These terms suggest that someone doesn’t really have diabetes or has a less serious case, but every case of diabetes is serious.
1.Type 1 diabetes – It is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made.
Type1 diabetes causes
It is caused by the immune system destroying the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. This causes diabetes by leaving the body without enough insulin to function normally.This is called an autoimmune reaction because the body is attacking itself. The following factors may trigger it..
Type 2 diabetes causes
In Type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Instead of moving into your cells where it’s needed for energy, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.
Factors which increase the chances of developing this condition include:
Gestational diabetes causes
During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to sustain your pregnancy. These hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin.Normally, your pancreas responds by producing enough extra insulin to overcome this resistance. But sometimes your pancreas can’t keep up. When this happens, too little glucose gets into your cells and too much stays in your blood, resulting in gestational diabetes.
Risk factors that increase the chances of developing this condition:
Best Foods to Control Diabetes and Lower Blood Sugar
Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are:
Even though diabetes cannot be cured completely, it can always be controlled by taking some imperative measures.
Here are some ways in which you can control diabetes: